What is temporary work? What is temporary employment? Advantages, disadvantages, requirements

Temporary employment is showing above-average dynamism in Germany. According to the annual report of the employment agency, 11% of the unemployed were previously employed in temporary employment until March 2023.

This impressive dynamic of temporary work as a form of employment in Germany underlines its important role in the labor market. What is temporary work in Germany? What are its advantages and disadvantages? Let's take a closer look.

What is temporary work? What is agency work? | Definition

The term temporary work, also known as “temporary work” or “employee leasing”, describes a work practice in which people are hired by personnel service companies. They are then placed with client companies via employment agencies in order to fill temporary positions or carry out specific projects.

In the German context, the terms temporary work and temporary agency work are often used synonymously to describe fixed-term employment contracts. However, there are subtle differences: some see temporary employment as a broader term that encompasses various temporary forms of work. Temporary work, on the other hand, refers specifically to the hiring of workers by agencies.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of temporary work?

Advantages of temporary work:

  1. Flexibility for companies: temporary work offers companies the opportunity to respond flexibly to short-term staffing needs. This can be particularly useful in industries with seasonal fluctuations or project-based work orders. Temporary work means companies have lower costs and less administration. At the same time, they get high-quality and multicultural staff.
  2. Opportunities for employees: temporary work can provide workers with an entry into the job market. It also offers flexibility for people looking for temporary employment. It also allows workers to gain experience in different companies and industries.

In addition to the advantages, temporary employment also has potential disadvantages for employees and employers.

Disadvantages of temporary work:

  1. Insecure jobs: temporary workers often have greater job insecurity. Their employment relationships are temporary and dependent on the needs of the client. This can lead to financial instability and stress.
  2. Possible exploitation and lower wages: temporary and agency work sometimes involves lower wages and worse working conditions than regular employment. This can lead to exploitation and feelings of inferiority among workers.

After weighing up the pros and cons, it is important to check the requirements.

Requirements for temporary work

The prerequisites for temporary employment include the legal framework for compliance with legal and licensing requirements.

The company must comply with the legal framework and have the necessary authorization to employ temporary workers. Employees must have the necessary personal and professional skills, qualifications and certificates.

Clear employment contracts between companies, agencies and employees are required. Understanding and respecting rights and obligations is also key.


In short, while temporary work and agency work offer flexibility for companies and opportunities for employees, they also have their own disadvantages.

Compliance with legal requirements and the establishment of clear agreements are important prerequisites for promoting fair and legally secure working relationships. By meeting these requirements, those involved can strive to create a fair working environment.

We are your partner for international temporary employment

If you are interested in temporary work opportunities or have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us today. Let's take proactive steps together to create better work opportunities for everyone.

With over 35 years of experience in temporary employment from abroad we have, of Zeitarbeit International s.r.o. have the necessary experience and competence to workers from Eastern Europe for your company. We connect German companies with companies in Eastern Europe. Do you have staffing problems? You have a large order but there aren't enough staff available? Then use it our Personnel services, because we work with many of them temporary employment agencies and Eastern Europe & together across Europe, we can make you a suitable offer.

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